The Women-Headed Household Empowerment Program, or known as the Pekka Program, was launched late 2010 as a pilot project in response to the many issues facing the poorest of the poor who have fallen through the cracks of other development programs. This program is aimed at organizing and strengthening women household heads with a view to improve their standard of living in order to lead dignified lives equal to the rest of society.
Since it was first introduced in late 2001, PEKKA has broadened its reach to 226 villages in 41 subdistricts, 19 districts and 8 provinces in Indonesia (Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, West Java, Central Java, West Kalimantan, West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara, Southeast Sulawesi, and North Maluku).
Members of PEKKA groups formed through this program are aged 18-65, and on average did not finish their primary education, where 30% of them are illiterate. They support 1-6 dependents with an average daily income of merely IDR 7,000, which they earn from working as farmhands, sellers, craftswomen or providers of other types of services. Some of them are victims of domestic violence and even state violence.
PEKKA groups have built their movement through savings and loan activities, skills training, leadership and managerial capacity building, personal development to build self-confidence, cooperation network development, as well as policy advocacy and campaigning for their rights as women and heads of household.
They have documented their lives and activities through documentary videos, photos and writings.